Your health can be negatively affected by air pollution. Urban dwellers and those living in industrialized areas are more at risk. Let’s examine the health effects of different components of air pollution.
Sulfur Dioxide has health effects
The Sulfur dioxide is found in large quantities in the air around industries. Sulfur dioxide can cause fatigue, shortness of breath, coughs, colds, and bronchitis in people who are exposed.
Sulfate salts are formed when the air is contaminated with sulfur dioxide. Children and asthmatics are equally at risk from SO2.
Health effects of Nitrogen Dioxide
The toxic gas nitrogen dioxide can be inhaled by the body. Chronic respiratory conditions such as bronchitis, chronic fibrosis, and bronchopneumonia can be caused by prolonged exposure to NO2.
Particulate Matter has health effects
Particulate matter is one of the most harmful pollutants. They can also cause skin irritations. Inhaling them can cause serious health problems.
The pm 2.5- and 10 contaminants may get into the lungs and alveoli. Smaller amounts of particles than pm 2.5 can be absorbed into the bloodstream, causing cardiovascular problems and even heart attacks. The two main respiratory issues linked to Particulate matter exposure are asthma and allergic alveolitis.
Particulate matter can contain pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. These pollutants can lead to more complications in those with pre-existing heart conditions.
Carbon Monoxide has health effects
The main cause of carbon monoxide is in the air is industrial and vehicular pollution. Carbon monoxide, a noxious gas, can cause serious health problems such as stroke, atherosclerosis, and hypertension.
Carbon monoxide exposure should not be allowed to pregnant women. They are at risk of serious health problems such as premature birth and a reduction in the child’s birth weight. It also affects the newborn child.
Ozone has positive health effects
The air that people breathe in from the coast is contaminated with high levels of ozone. High levels of ozone can cause irritation in the eyes, nose, and throat.
People exposed to high levels of ozone in their atmosphere can also experience headaches, chest discomfort, and coughs. Inflammation of the lungs can occur when people are exposed to ozone levels ranging from 235 to 314 mg/m3. Ozone can increase the susceptibility to pulmonary bacteria infections.
Benzene has health effects
Residents living near rubber factories and industrial estates are exposed to a higher level of benzene in their air. Benzene can cause genetic mutations and chromosomal aberrations.
The atmosphere can contain high levels of benzene, which is in the range of 1 mg/m3. This can lead to cancer in the stomach, kidneys, stomach, bladder, lung, and uterus.
The euphoric feeling of continuous exposure to benzene is followed by unsteadiness when walking and irregular heartbeats. Zinc poisoning is more common in women than it is in men. It can cause menstrual problems and retard the development of the fetus for pregnant women.
Health effects of volatile organic compounds
It is a common pollutant in all homes. Coolant gases are used in refrigerators, air conditioners, and other equipment. The air can also be emitted by insect repellents, mosquito coils, and perfumes.
In the presence of sunlight, the volatile organic compounds react with the nitrogen oxides to create smog. It can reduce visibility and cause irritation to the eyes and lungs.
Lead’s health effects
Lead can cause serious health problems in any system of the body. Long-term exposure to lead can cause irreversible damage to the nervous system, kidneys, and reproductive system.
Children are more likely to be poisoned than adults. Pregnant women are also at risk. Lead can build up in the bones. Lead can be released if there is a demand for calcium during pregnancy or lactation.
Some cases of lead being detected in breast milk and placenta have been reported. Exposure to lead may cause drowsiness, muscle coordination problems, and anemia.
We’ve seen the negative effects of many types of pollutants in the atmosphere. These pollutants affect not only human health but also the health of plants and animals.
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